Windmills and Water Mills In Art and Illustration


A mill is a building equipped with machinery for grinding grain into flour. Or, a factory fitted with machinery for a particular manufacturing process e.g. “a steel mill”.

The Nixie of the Mill-Pond” is a German story collected by the Brothers Grimm.

Henry Justice Ford (1860-1941)

The Mermaid In The Millpond by Lucy Strange and Pam Smy

Bess has left the London workhouse behind for a job at a rural cotton mill. But life at the mill is hard and cruel- a far cry from the fresh start Bess hoped for. The only way to survive is to escape, but the mill is like a prison with no way out.

Meanwhile, rumours are spreading about a vicious creature that lurks in the millpond. Bess is sure it’s all nonsense, until one night she sees something stir in the murky water.

But is it really a monster that lives in the depths of the pond? Or a creature trapped and alone, just like Bess, desperate to escape …
Vincent Van Gogh (1853 - 1890) Le Moulin de la Galette, 1887
Vincent Van Gogh (1853 – 1890) Le Moulin de la Galette, 1887
Mauritius of Vlaminck (1876-1958) France, The Windmill c. 1930s
Markey Robinson (1918-1999, Ireland) Windmill on a canal
‘A Windmill’ by John Sell Cotman, watercolour, 1828
Paul Emile Berthon (1872-1909), Profile Portrait of Princess Wilhelmina of Holland
Paul Emile Berthon (1872-1909), Profile Portrait of Princess Wilhelmina of Holland
Why The Dutch Are Different Into The Hidden Heart of the Netherlands by Ben Coates
Ype Wenning (Dutch, 1879-1959) Flour mill De Hoop in Oudewater, in wintertime
Piet Mondriaan (Dutch painter) 1872-1944 windmill
Piet Mondriaan (Dutch painter) 1872-1944
Ramon-Casas-Spanish-1866-1932-cafe-windmill
Ramon Casas, Spanish painter (1866-1932)
By the river in Louis Vivin Hiverby 1930
Albertus Brondgeest (1786 – 1849) Snow-covered houses and a windmill along the ice, 1810
A Sussex Windmill by Eric Slater, colour woodblock, 1930s
The Galette Mill by Louis Vivin 1926
The Moon Singer by Clyde Robert Bulla, illustrated by Trina Schart Hyman (1969) high angle view of windmill
The Moon Singer by Clyde Robert Bulla, illustrated by Trina Schart Hyman (1969) high angle view of windmill
William Callow - Figures in a Field below a Continental Hilltop Village with Two Windmills 1835
William Callow – Figures in a Field below a Continental Hilltop Village with Two Windmills 1835
Georges Leonec (1881-1940)
Landscape With A Watermill from the 15th century, found in Le Tresor des Histoires, a universal history from the Creation to the time of Pope Clement VI.
Landscape With A Watermill from the 15th century, found in Le Tresor des Histoires, a universal history from the Creation to the time of Pope Clement VI.
Peter Balazs (Hungarian, 1919-2003), The Old Mill 1965
ME AND MY FLYING MACHINE Marianna and Mercer Mayer 1968 back cover
John Nash ‘Nailsworth Gloucestershire’, probably Longfords Mill (with boat house in front). They make Stroud scarlet for military uniforms and also the wool for tennis balls.
E.H. Shepard (British,1879-1976) - There's a dark dead water-wheel under the mill!
E.H. Shepard (British,1879-1976) – There’s a dark dead water-wheel under the mill!
Andrew Wyeth (American 1917-2009) The Flour Mill 1964