The unmarked choice of colour for underwater scenes is, of course, blue.
Il Batiscafo ‘Trieste’ the bathyscaphe named after the port city where she was built. This illustration is by Curt Caesar, found in ‘Il Vittorioso’, c.1960
1978 THE FORBIDDEN FOREST William Pene du Bois frontispiece
Dugald Stewart Walker (American, 1883-1937) mermaid She would have nothing but the rosy flowers like the sun up above
The Gardens of the Merking’s Palace, the 1927 illustration by J R R Tolkien for his novella, Roverandom, not published until 1998
Harry Rountree, The Story of the Ring – A Short Analysis of Wagner’s Ring of the Nibelung, 1933 edition (1907) Frontispiece
Ian Beck – The Little Mermaid
Octopus and Pike (1937) by Ilna Ewers-Wunderwald (illustrator)
Guy Edgar Fry (1903-1987) Illustrator, designer, educator
1973 OCEANOGRAPHY A Golden Exploring Earth Book
Young Hiram Walker was born into bondage. When his mother was sold away, Hiram was robbed of all memory of her — but was gifted with a mysterious power. Years later, when Hiram almost drowns in a river, that same power saves his life. This brush with death births an urgency in Hiram and a daring scheme: to escape from the only home he’s ever known.
So begins an unexpected journey that takes Hiram from the corrupt grandeur of Virginia’s proud plantations to desperate guerrilla cells in the wilderness, from the coffin of the deep South to dangerously utopic movements in the North. Even as he’s enlisted in the underground war between slavers and the enslaved, Hiram’s resolve to rescue the family he left behind endures.
Hannes Bok, pseudonym for Wayne Francis Woodard (1914 – 1964)
The Poisoned Anemones
Nino wakes up in the middle of the night: there is noise in the kitchen … and water everywhere! What’s going on ? Leaning out of the washing machine’s window, “zioup!”, He slips … and finds himself in the open sea! Where is he ? Could this be Venice? A wonderful metaphorical journey to evoke the adventure of becoming a big brother.
Ser Leone (American, 20th Century) The Underwater Kiss, paperback cover
Dean Ellis (1920 – 2009) 1975 book cover illustration for Red Tide by D.D.Chapman and Deloris Lehman Tarzan
1937 Schweppes Table Waters advertisement with mermaid
KINDERPARADIES (1960) Ota Janecek
ARGOSY Pulp magazine. September 26 1936 cover art
The Tale of The Pearls of the Mermaid from ‘The Black Princess and Other Fairy Tales from Brazil’ illustrated by Florence Mary Anderson. Published 1916
The Mermaid Girl ~ Helen Jacobs (1888-1970)
Anton Lomaev – The Little Mermaid
John Patience – The Little Mermaid
from Dante’s ‘Divine Comedy’ by Amos Nattini, 1923 PINK
But really, an underwater scene can be any colour you want it to be.
Edward Julius Detmold, Illustration from Jewels of the Deep, etching and aquatint, 1925; The British Museum underwater
Atelier Levitt-Him, 1937 Polish
William Heath Robinson (1872 – 1944) 1909 The Wrecks illustration for A Song Of The English by Rudyard Kipling
Milo Winter (1888–1956) O Mouse, do you know the way out of this pool, Alice in Wonderland, 1916 GREEN
Josef Palecek illustration for The Little Mermaid (1981)
1923 travel advertisement Signed- P Furiet
Elizabeth Orton Jones – American (1910-2005)
Helen Mary Jacobs (1888 – 1970), Mermaid
The Magic Mackerel Illustration By Charles Folkard 1920 from British fairy and folk tales edited by W.J. Glover 1920
PRZYGODA PEWNEGO PAWIA (1966) Jozef Wilkon
untitled collage with tempera on paperboard ~ c.1940 ~ Joseph Cornell (American, 1903-1972)
Riddles, Riddles from A to Z by Carl Memling illustrated by Trina Schart Hyman (1962)
From The Animal Kingdom, 1968. Illustrations by Charles Harper
MÄRCHEN AUS DER SÜDSEE (1976) Karel Teissig
DE ONTEVREDEN VIS (1962) Cornelius van Velsen fish octopus
MÄRCHEN AUS DER SÜDSEE (1976) Karel Teissig ILLUSTRATING THE DIVISION BETWEEN UNDER AND ABOVE WATER
Born On The Water by Nikole Hannah-Jones and Renee Watson illustrated by Nikkolas Smith
The Little Mermaid by Hans Christian Andersen. Illustrated by Jennie Harbour.(1893-1959).
Charley Harper, illustration from The Golden Book of Biology, 1961 fish
Zdeněk Burian (1905 – 1981) 1956 illustration for “Prehistoric Animals” by Josef Augusta, although it was originally painted in 1941 and has been used for countless publications. It is now considered highly unlikely that Brachiosaurus could have inhaled in deep water.
Sidney Walter Stanley for The Willows and Other Queer Tales by Algernon Blackwood 1932 By Water
ARGOSY pulp magazine October 19 1940
by Maria Szymańska, 1971, Polish
およぐ なかのひろたか Swimming
Elsa Beskow (1874-1953)
WATER BABIES 1990’s Children’s Little Golden Book
A.P. Hopfmuller (published 1919-1923)
Salt Water Poems and Ballads
Sadko in the Underwater Kingdom (1876) by Ilya Repin (Russian Empire, 1844–1930). State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg. Sadko in the Sea Tsar’s kingdom. Commissioned by the future Tsar Alexander III.
Sadko, Tsar of the Seas Contemporary artists who depict water beautifully
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Header illustration: Robert M. Peak (May 30, 1927 – August 1, 1992) green underwater scuba diving for a 7UP advertisement