French philosopher Henri Bergson first made the distinction.
Synchrony and diachrony are two different and complementary viewpoints in linguistic analysis:
- a diachronic approach considers the development and evolution of a language [or text] through history.
- a synchronic approach considers a language [or text] without taking its history into account.
How does this relate to short fiction? Short fiction scholar Mary Rohrberger has argued that novels are typically diachronic whereas short stories are typically synchronic.
What do you think?